Main Barriers to Education
- High population density in urban areas
In recent times, Brazil, like the other BRIC countries, has placed significant efforts into raising its people out of poverty and the recent discovery of oil could transform this nation into a top exporting nation. Also rich in iron ore, Brazil exports to major manufacturing countries such as China.
Despite significant advances in past decades, Brazil has one of the world’s highest levels of inequality, most starkly evident in Rio de Janeiro. Rio’s favelas have traditionally lower education levels, rates of illiteracy, age-grade disparity, OOSC and higher dropout rates then the rest of the country. (World Bank). A third of the population of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo live in Favelas or slums, and this has led to harsh and challenging social conditions.
Brazil is home to much of the Amazonian rainforest, which is a vital regulator of climate and commands much international concern and attention in this regard; according to the BBC, a drive to move settlers to the Amazon region during military rule in the 1970s caused considerable damage to vast areas of rainforest. In 2005, it was reported that one fifth of the Amazon forests had been cleared by deforestation. The government has now halted all sponsored migration programs in a bid to reduce deforestation.
The video highlights the work that EAC's partners in Brazil are doing to advance education in the indigenous community.