Main barriers to education
- Geographical locations
- Extreme weather events
- Lack of schools in urban slums
- Poor infrastructure
Following the country’s split from Pakistan in 1971, the Bangladeshi government has worked steadily to improve both the health and education sector, whilst reducing population growth. However, the population to date is a staggering 160 million, 40% of whom are children.
Bangladesh boasts an extremely fertile land, and its ’s agricultural sector is the country’s largest employer, however, it cannot support the country’s large population; half of the population lives on less than one dollar a day, many of chose to travel abroad in search of work.
Rural areas are inhabited by almost three quarters of the population, but extreme weather conditions such as flooding and cyclones, means that income generation is volatile and inconstant. Increasing poverty in these areas is prompting many rural families to move to urban zones. For example, Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is one of the fastest growing Mega-cities according to UNICEF. Migration of people to these urban centers brings an increase in the cost of land and growth in illegal settlements.