Country

Vietnam

Vietnam is emerging from decades of colonialism, war, and an impoverished command economy. Because of extreme poverty, children often must work before and after school to support their family, usually by peddling something, working in factories, and offering other goods and services. EAC and our partner UNESCO are aiming to provide support to Vietnamese children to overcome the barriers to education.

Vietnam
source(s): UNESCO EFA Global Monitoring Report 2013/14


Main Barriers to Education

  • War and conflicts
  • Poverty
  • Economic and Financial difficulties
  • Child Labour
  • Poor Quality Teaching
  • Distance to school and Inadequate school infrastructure
  • Cultural customs, traditions and perceptions of the value of educating girls

Economic growth in Vietnam has averaged a strong 6.4% each year for the past decade, this has begun to slow in recent times, as is similar with the country’s GDP, which in 2013 was 5.4%, and which is also projected to slow this year.  Inflation in Vietnam plummeted from 23% in 2011 to 4.2% in 2014, therefore stabilizing their economy.

Vietnam was not always so economically fortunate; in 1986 the government introduced reforms that would lift this country from being one of the poorest in the world, to being a lower middle income country within a quarter of a century.  In the 1990’s more than 60% of this country’s population were in poverty, today, this amount is under 10% and in the same time frame, mean income for the bottom 40% of the Vietnamese population increased by an annual average of 9% according to the World Bank.

Vietnam has already met four of its ten millennium development goals and is on target to meet three more by 2015.  This country has made impressive strides toward ensuring all children have access to a quality education. With 96% of six to 11-year-olds enrolled in primary school.

sources: WORLDBANK, WORLDBANK RESOURCESBBC, UNICEF, EAST ASIA FORUM

Year added: 
2014

Projects

Strengthening Education System for Out of School Children

The Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar, Malaysia, and East Timor continue to face challenges in reaching and educating out of school children (OOSC). The EAC-UNESCO Asia Pacific Regional Bureau for Education Strengthening Education Systems for Out of School Children project seeks to enrol and retain 50,000 out of school children in quality primary education programs in the sub-region.

Partners

UNESCO

EAC partnered with UNESCO to help realise Sustainable Development Goal 4 (ensure inclusive and quality education for all), as well as the former Millennium Development Goal 2 (achieve universal primary education). To that end, the two have joined in partnership to implement education interventions in 11 countries to reach OOSC in Asia and the Middle East.