Main Barriers to Education
- Long distances to school
- Lack of learning materials
Interventions to Barriers
- Safe-learning spaces
- Self-learning curriculum & materials
- Psychosocial support & adapted curriculum
Since 2000, the Republic of Turkey has been party to the Dakar Framework for Action to realise the goals of Education for All (EFA). In fact, the government had mandated compulsory primary education in the Constitution as early as 1982 with the ratification of Article 42. However, a 2003 UNICEF report entitled “A Gender Review in Education” revealed the extent to which illiteracy and low levels of school of enrolment persisted in Turkey, necessitating action on the part of the government. The report also demonstrated that the disparity in illiteracy was particularly acute amongst women (as many as 30.8 per cent) in rural parts of the country.
In response to the report’s findings, the government implemented some concerted measures to address the education sector’s shortcomings. To that end, the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) introduced; the “International Inspiration Project” to increase education access to children with disabilities; conditional cash transfers to children in impoverished households; and programmes to provide free course books, learning materials, transportation to and from school, and school meals. With the publication of the 2015 EFA National Review, Turkey reported that it had achieved universal primary education in 2014.
However, the conflict in neighbouring Syria, has brought EAC and UNICEF USA together in partnership to start to redress the situation concerning Syrian OOSC and their lack of access to quality primary education through a regional hub in Gaziantep, Turkey. This joint project will provide psychosocial support, safe-learning environments, self-learning materials adapted to the context of the conflict in Syria, teacher training, as well as reconstruct/rehabilitate classrooms and establish Community Learning Centres (CLCs).
Geographic Location: Middle East
Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
The crisis in Syria is now in its fifth year and every day the risk of a lost generation of children grows. Nearly 14 million children have been affected by escalating conflict. Half of all Syrians are displaced and close to 2 million children have fled for neighboring countries and are living in overcrowded camps, inadequate informal settlements, or host communities, where tensions are rising between refugee and local populations.