Main Barriers to Education
- Shortage of schools and school facilities , classrooms, etc.
- Child Labor
Economically strong, even in light of the downturn in the world economy in 2008. Turkey continues to strengthen its position by addressing challenges impeding its development goals in the areas of education, private sector development, public finances, climate change, environmental management and municipal services.
This dynamic country’s economy owes its success to a blend of modern industry and traditional agriculture. In 2010, agriculture accounted for 25% of this country’s employment. The private sector in Turkey is growing quickly and strongly, and this is supported by the state, which plays a major part in basic industry, banking, transport, and communication. Turkey’s largest exportation is textiles and clothing, this industry is almost entirely privately owned.
In the last ten years, Turkey has almost tripled its per capita income to $10,000 and over the past 5 years foreign investment has grown from just over $1 billion to $13 billion according to the World Bank. Additionally, the economy has been marked with rapid growth coupled with partial success in implementing structural reform measures; inflation has also plummeted from 90% in 1997 to just over 10% in 2011. Turkey has applied to become an EU member state.
Turkey has also made significant progress in education by increasing access to schools, which has resulted in their achievement of almost fulfilling universal primary school enrollment (99 percent in the first four years and 93 percent in the second four years in 2012–13). In Turkey, education is compulsory up to grade 12. The gender access gap has disappeared in primary education and narrowed significantly in secondary education, however, some variation by location remains according to the World Bank.
The crisis in Syria is now in its fifth year and every day the risk of a lost generation of children grows. Nearly 14 million children have been affected by escalating conflict. Half of all Syrians are displaced and close to 2 million children have fled for neighboring countries and are living in overcrowded camps, inadequate informal settlements, or host communities, where tensions are rising between refugee and local populations.