The multiple levels of crisis in Somalia have affected education delivery and contributed to one of the lowest school enrolment rates in the world with only 42% of primary school age children in school. EAC works with CARE and UNICEF to ensure the most vulnerable can gain access to primary education.

source(s): UNESCO EFA Global Monitoring Report 2013/14

Main Barriers to Education

  • Poverty
  • Conflict affected
  • Child soldiers

Somalia has been engaged in civil war over the past two decades. The conflict has taken various forms, from a civil war in the 1980s, through state collapse, to clan factionalism, and warlordism in the 1990s, to a globalized ideological conflict in the first decade of the new millennium

This protracted conflict has created regions within the country that present some contrasts in terms of development indicators.  While the south and central regions have remained continuously entangled in the war and have suffered both social and developmental setbacks, the northeast (Puntland) and northwest (Somaliland) have experienced fragile peace and some stability.

Somalia ranks at 165 (out of 170 countries) on the Human Development Index of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). According to a 2012 UNDP report, if inequality is accounted for in terms of access to health, education and income, Somalia would be ranked even lower. Incidents of poverty and deprivation are high in all regions of the country. 

The Somali clan system shapes the social fabric of society. The clan structure is divided into four major groups: the Hawiye, Darood and Dir/Isaaq, which are nomadic pastoralist clans (Mahaatiri language); and the Digil and Mirifle (Maay language) largely agro-pastoralist living in the southern part of Somalia. Several smaller ethnic communities, including the Bantus and other socially excluded groups have been largely neglected by the state amidst the chaos that has engulfed the country. These minority groups are not afforded any clan protection, with some even being victims of gender based abuse and gang attacks.

Since clan members need to protect each other, all clans keep militias to tackle threats from other enemies. The youth are particularly vulnerable in such circumstances as is witnessed by an increased participation of youth in militarism, petty thefts and piracy.

One and a half million Somalis are internally displaced due to conflict and nearly 3 million are dependent on humanitarian aid.

source: worldbank

Year added: 


Formal Education for Out Of School Children in Somalia

The Formal Education for Out of School Children in Somalia project will identify and provide access to primary education for 64,000 out of school children ages 6-14 in marginalised communities.

Wax Bar Caruurta Somaaliyeed (Educate Somali Children)

Over the course of a three-year period, the Wax Bar Caruurta Somaaliyeed (Educate Somali Children) project aims to enrol 109,372 OOSC into quality primary education programmes. This initiative led by Mercy Corps (ARC and Mercy USA are in this consortium) will operate in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central Somalia Zones.
Waxbar Carurtaada II – Educate Your Children II

Waxbar Carurtaada II – Educate Your Children II

Since 2013, EAC and CARE have been working together in Somalia via a range of education initiatives to reach some of the country’s most marginalised out of school children (OOSC). Through a new partnership project, EAC and CARE seek to enrol 57,600 more OOSC into quality primary education.

Waxbar Caruurtaada – Educate Your Children!

Successfully Completed Project

In Somalia, with EAC co-funding, CARE is implementing the Waxbar Caruurtaada project to enrol 30,100 out of school children in primary education. The project works to decrease the educational disparities that exist in Somalia particularly in rural areas where accessing education is a challenge and schools struggle to offer quality education due to low teacher retention and inadequate facilities.


Care International

EAC and Care, have partnered to increase enrollment and completion of a full course of primary education for 50,000 children in Haiti and 30,100 children in Somalia who are currently out of school.

Mercy Corps

In partnership, EAC and Mercy Corps are working to ensure 109,372 out of school children in Somalia gain access to quality primary education.


EAC and the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) are partnering in Chad, Comoros, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Yemen to bring quality basic education to over 3.3 million children.