Barriers to Primary Education
- Lack of schools & sanitation facilities
- Refugee status
Interventions to Barriers
- Construction/rehabilitation of classrooms
- Provision of learning materials
- Teacher training
As part of the country’s reconstruction and development efforts, the Government of Rwanda has acknowledged the shortcomings and inadequacies of past education systems. Moreover, the Ministry of Education (MOE) has prioritised the realisation of universal primary education as a means to engender economic growth and poverty reduction. To that end, between 1996 and 2013, the government augmented its percentage of GDP invested into education from 3.2 per cent to 5 per cent, which spurred a rapid expansion of basic education. At the moment, net enrolments at the primary level have reached 96.9 per cent (a considerable 450 per cent increase from 2000).
In spite of the progress made and political will on the part of the government, Rwanda’s education sector still harbours challenges. In particular, questions with regard to quality persist. For instance, the education system still requires quality inputs in terms of trained teachers and learning materials, as the liberalisation of the sector has outpaced the government’s capacity to provide the corresponding resources. Furthermore, the government has recognised that orphans, poor children, children with disabilities and other vulnerable children require additional support, as their dropout/retention rate is problematic.
In an attempt to reach some of the country’s most marginalised OOSC, EAC and UNHCR have partnered to increase access to quality primary education. Through the Enabling, Encouraging and Excelling project, UNHCR will focus on the country’s refugee communities. Specific project interventions include: constructing/rehabilitating classrooms and latrines; conducting trainings on data management; building sports recreation facilities; and providing school uniforms and teaching materials.
Geographic Location: Central Africa
Languages: Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), Swahili
Educate A Child (EAC) has partnered with UNHCR to bring quality primary education to refugee children in 12 priority countries.
As the global refugee protection agency, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is responsible for ensuring that refugee children have access to quality education in their countries of asylum. There are over 2.7 million refugee children out of school in 12 targeted project countries.