Main Barriers to Education
- Refugee Status
- Shortage of Trained Teachers
Interventions to Barriers:
- Transportation for Refugee Children
- Compensation for Refugee Teachers
- Modular Teacher Training
Since acceding to independence from Great Britain in 1959, the Government of Malaysia (GOM) has prioritised economic transformation via various national development plans. Within this framework, the Government has explicitly enumerated the centrality of the provision of primary education through the National Development Master Plan 2001-2010, as well as the Education Blueprint, which states that “every child in Malaysia deserves equal access to education.” Furthermore since 2012, the GOM has adopted a policy of free education to increase access.
To the Government’s credit, considerable progress has been made with regard to access to primary education. In that vein, efforts to increase quality and expand access to education in recent years have been concentrated on reaching marginalised populations and children with special needs. In particular, education sector authorities tend to focus on economically disadvantaged children in rural and urban areas, indigenous children and undocumented and/or refugee children.
In the face of these challenges, EAC has partnered with UNESCO and UNHCR to increase education access to some of Malaysia’s most vulnerable OOSC. Through separate initiatives, UNESCO will focus on policy advocacy and research, while UNHCR concentrates on reaching children in refugee communities. Specific project interventions include: building government and NGO capacity; policy and systems analysis; provision vision of transportation for refugee children, teaching and learning materials, and seed funding for new schools and maintenance grants; capacity building for School Management Committees (SMCs); and strengthening education monitoring and data management systems.
Geographic Location: Southeastern Asia
Languages: Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Foochow, Hainan, Hakka, Hokken, Mandarin), Malayalam, Panjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Thai
Educate A Child (EAC) has partnered with UNHCR to bring quality primary education to refugee children in 12 priority countries.
The Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar, Malaysia, and East Timor continue to face challenges in reaching and educating out of school children (OOSC). The EAC-UNESCO Asia Pacific Regional Bureau for Education Strengthening Education Systems for Out of School Children project seeks to enrol and retain 50,000 out of school children in quality primary education programs in the sub-region.