Main Barriers to Education
- Rural location
- Natural disaster
- Low availability of public education
- Expensive private education (up to 50% of income)
- Child labour
Haiti was Latin America’s first independent nation and one of the oldest Republics of Western Hemisphere. In 1804, a decade of slave uprising culminated in the independency from France. Revolts resulted in the elimination of slavery and in the foundation of the Haitian Republic. Starting with a devastated economy and infrastructure, the Republic was later entrenched in opposition from Europe, and the U.S. Southern states. The struggle for unity and racial conflicts constituted serious barriers to national stability and development.
Throughout its 200-year history, Haiti has been marked by political instability, weak institutional capacity, and natural disasters. Decades of poverty, environmental degradation, violence, instability and dictatorship have left it as the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere: more than half the population is living in poverty (UNDP 2012).
Recently, a series of external shocks further increased the country’s fragility and reversed the small gains made between 2004 and 2008. The increase in food and fuel prices in 2007, storms and hurricanes in 2008 and an earthquake in 2010 caused widespread devastation and losses. The earthquake alone resulted in 250,000 people lost, 1.6 million displaced and the interruption of schooling to approximately 2.5 million children (UNICEF 2012), one of the worst humanitarian disasters in recorded history.
sources: UNDP, UNICEF