Main Barriers to Education
- Internal displacement
- Schools used as housing for IDP’s
Yemen is located on the ancient spice route at the crossroads to Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
Parliamentary and presidential elections in Yemen are set for 2015, this follows an agreement brokered by the GCC in 2011, where a guarantee document was approved that outlined the key factors for implementation; according to the World Bank, this included “the extension of the political transition period, constitutional redrafting and the preparation of basic laws to support a federal state.”
Challenging this positive transition is a rebel group who launched protests in the capital city of Sanaa in order to gain more control of the sa’ada region, they did so by exploiting the unpopular governmental decision to reverse fuel subsidies. A peace and national partnership agreement was finalized in late September 2014, which ended “a two-month political stalemate and calling for renewed commitment to the implementation of the outcomes of the National Dialogue, to be led by a new Prime Minister and a new technocratic government.” (World Bank)
Yemen is one of the Arab world’s poorest countries, in fact, poverty increased form 49.9% in 2009 to 54.5% in 2012. In addition, this country has one of the highest population growth rates in the world and is very food insecure; approximately 45% of the population is food insecure. Another concern is Yemen’s water resource which falls below regional average.
As a result of recent conflict, the economy of this country is fragile; GDP shrunk by 12.7% in 2011, Yemen was in recession. In 2014, the economy is forecast to grow at a rate of 2%.