Main Barriers to Education
- Rural areas
- Gender: Early Marriage
- Violence in and around schools
Uganda gained independence from Britain on October 9th 1962. The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences contributed to difficulties in the establishment of a working political community after independence.
Uganda has made significant development progress over the last two decades. The percentage of population living in poverty declined to 24.5% in 2009/10. Hence, Uganda surpassed the 2015 Millennium Development Goal of halving the 56% poverty rate recorded in 1992/93, even though per capita GDP growth averaged only around four percent over the past two decades due to rapid population growth. Since FY2009/10, a combination of exogenous shocks and domestic factors reduced economic activity down to below historical levels. Subdued export performance, high inflation and subsequent tightening of monetary policy to restore macroeconomic stability, reduced GDP growth to 3.4% in FY 2011/12.
Uganda remains one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of US$506. It continues to face numerous development challenges. Although abundant in natural resources, Uganda is a “low income country,” with a Human Development Index (HDI) ranking in 2012 of 161 out of 187 countries. Although Uganda is set to meet the first MDG to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, a vast majority of its non-poor population is classified as vulnerable. Progress is uneven, with inequality increasing and distinct regional geographical patterns of unequal access to basic social services and outcomes in health and education.
Uganda is also host to a sizable refugee population from neighboring countries including Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Burundi, Ethiopia, and Eritrea.