Main Barriers to Education
- High population
Thailand has made significant progress on social and economic issues since the 1970’s and has managed impressive poverty reduction, particularly in the 1980’s. However, today around 13.2% of the population still live below the poverty line (2011). 80% of this county’s population lives in rural areas and as such the benefits of their economic success has not reached all areas as equally as it should have.
Rural areas are subject to income inequality and a lack of equal opportunities. That being said, Thailand has an unemployment rate of less than 1%, which is amongst the lowest in the world, millions of migrant workers travel to Thailand from neighboring countries in search of employment.
Thailand’s natural resources include tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land. According to UNESCO, education provision for Thai citizens is wide spread and all areas are served by government schools.
This country also has a significant refugee population, where Save the Children reports that from 1984 until only recently, refugees from Myanmar fled to Thailand in significant numbers due to military offensives between the national government forces and their associated militia groups, against the forces and communities of ethnic minority groups. Today, after nearly 30 years, around 130,000 refugees live in camps along the Thailand-Myanmar border with governmental policy restrictions on movement and access to external opportunities to education or employment.
source: save the children
With EAC support, Save the Children (STC) is implementing the ACCESS project in Eastern Myanmar and Thailand. The project aims to address key barriers to education in three communities: eastern Myanmar; refugee camps in Thailand; and migrant communities in Bangkok and Mae Sot, Thailand.