Country

Nepal

Located between China to the North and India to the South, Nepal is a landlocked country composed of a vastly diverse population with distinct cultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds. A 2011 national census revealed that the country was home to at least 125 ethnic groups. According to the Nepal Living Standards Survey conducted the year prior, approximately one-fourth of the population lives below the poverty line. Furthermore, the 2013 United Nations Human Development Index classified Nepal 157 amongst 187 countries. In April 2015, a massive earthquake killed scores of people and devastated the country’s infrastructure.

Nepal
source(s): UNESCO EFA Global Monitoring Report 2013/14


Main barriers to education

  • Shortage of Schools
  • Poverty
  • Teacher Absenteeism

As far back as back the 1950s the Nepalese Government, through the National Education Commission, acknowledged shortcomings in the education sector and the importance of primary education for all citizens. Various education reform initiatives have since been initiated to account for the country’s diversity, particularly with regard to gender disparities, disabled children and rural populations. To date, though the gender gap in education is declining, it is noticeable and prevails across ethnic groups, rural and urban areas, national geography and income levels. Moreover, there remain rural locales, economically disadvantaged, where schools simply do not exist; where they do exist, they are rife with teacher absenteeism and dysfunctional management.

In light of the education sector’s continued woe, the government has recognised human resource development, social and gender equity, poverty alleviation and quality enhancement as priority focus areas.

To meet these challenges, EAC has partnered with buildOn and United World Schools (UWS) to increase access to quality primary education in Nepal. The former partner’s project activities include: community and parental engagement through outreach and training; and the construction of 80 new primary schools. In the latter instance, the partner project will also prioritise school construction, as well as global education partnerships, free provision of school and learning materials, training local indigenous speakers to serve as teachers and gender sensitisation.

sources: Bbc, WORLD FACTBOOK

Year added: 
2014

Projects

Remote Rural Schools Construction

The Remote Rural Schools Construction project aims to inspire, partner with, and train more than 78,000 parents in rural and isolated villages in past (buildOn) and future project locations to be active participants in improving the quality of, and access to, education for 43,056 OOSC and 117,264 children at-risk of dropping out of primary school.

Southeast Asia School Development Project for OOSC

Across remote rural communities in Cambodia, Myanmar and Nepal, access to quality primary education is inhibited for myriad diverse factors. In the Ratanakiri and Stung Treng Provinces of Cambodia, stigmatisation and discrimination against ethnic minority communities have pushed indigenous peoples outside the reach of the public education system. According to UNESCO, Myanmar allocated just 1.6 percent of its GDP to education in 2010, which had been indicative of generations of underinvestment in the country’s education systems. To date, the Myanmar government does not have the capacity or the infrastructure to reach the most remote communities in rural areas. As for Nepal, scant government investment in education and where schools exist, mismanagement, teacher absenteeism, a lack of parental commitment and the high-cost of school fees, coalesce to put education out of bounds for the most disparate members of society.

Partners

buildOn

For more than two decades, buildOn has partnered with local governments and mobilized rural villages in some of the poorest countries on the planet to build more than 618 schools in Haiti, Malawi, Mali, Nepal, Nicaragua, and Senegal. In February 2014, they broke ground on their first school in Burkina Faso.

Korea International Cooperation Agency (co-Financing Partner)

The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) was established as a government-funded agency dedicated to providing grant-aid programmes on the part of the Korean Government in 1991.

United World Schools

Through community consultation and ownership, EAC and United World Schools (UWS) are teaming up to build schools and enrol 33,830 out of school children (OOSC) across Cambodia, Myanmar and Nepal.