Main barriers to education
After its establishment in 1891, Malawi was, at that time known as the British protectorate of Nyasaland. In 1964, this country became the independent nation of Malawi.
For thirty years, Malawi remained under the rule of President Hastings Kamuzu anda and in 1994, multi-party elections were held. In 2004, President Bingu Mutharika was elected, initially he “struggled to assert his authority against his predecessor and subsequently started his own party, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in 2005.
Mutharika was reelected to a second term in May 2009” (CIA World Factbook, 2014). President Mutharika initiated plans that brought economic improvement during his first term; however this was short lived as he was accused of economic mismanagement and poor governance in his second term.
Then Vice president Joyce Banda assumed power in April, 2012 when President Bingu wa Mutharika died suddenly, and remained in office until 31 May 2014, when she was defeated by Peter Mutharika who was sworn in as the new President on the same day.
HIV-Aids is a real problem in Malawi and thousands die each year form this disease.
Malawi depends almost fully on agricultural land as its main natural resource (accounts for one-third of GDP and 90% of export revenues); however it is under extreme pressure from rapid population growth according to the BBC. The government has had success in providing fertilizer subsidies, which has resulted in increased output for this net food exporter.
The government has announced some infrastructure projects in an attempt to gain improvements; these are the introduction of a new oil pipeline for improved fuel access, as well as opening the possibility of a waterway link through Mozambican rivers to the ocean for better transportation options, according to the CIA World Factbook.
Foreign investment in Malawi is declining year on year, and in 2013 this amounted to 13% of GDP, it is said that this is due to the government’s inability to address barriers to investment in this country. “Donors, who provided an average of 36% of government revenue in the past five years, suspended general budget support for Malawi in 2011 due to a negative IMF review and governance issues”. (CIA World Factbook, 2014)